Healthy pelvic area

Different types of pelvic organ prolapse

Bladder (Cystocele)
A cystocele occurs when the bladder protrudes into or out the vagina. This can happen when the support system, which holds pelvic organs in place, becomes distressed, stretched or torn. A cystocele is the most frequent form of pelvic organ prolapse and it is also referred to as a “dropped bladder.”

“cele” is the medical term for prolapse

Rectum (Rectocele)
A rectocele can occur when the rectovaginal septum, which is the tissue between the rectum and the vagina, becomes thin or weak. The back floor of the vagina is no longer supported resulting in the rectum bulging into or out of the vagina.

Uterine Prolapse
The structures that hold the uterus in place can also become fragile, allowing the uterus to fall down into the vagina.

Small bowel (Enterocele)
An enterocele occurs when the small intestines press against the back of the vagina towards the opening.

Vaginal Vault Prolapse
A vaginal vault prolapse may occur after having a hysterectomy and the uterus is no longer there to support certain structures in the pelvic floor. In result, the top of the vagina falls down into the vaginal opening.