The goal is to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. The patient can do this by performing routine exercises of contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles. This benefits the functions of the bladder, urethra, vaginal walls, uterus and rectum.
Biofeedback is a method that records physical processes that the patient does not perceive exactly, and is used to improve health and overall well-being.
A pessary is a medical device that is inserted into the vagina and helps support surrounding tissues. Pessaries come in different shapes, and are usually made of silicone or plastic.
Medication which serves to relax the bladder also plays an important role in the case of urge incontinence, especially the pure form of urge incontinence. Where the bladder weakness is caused by deficiencies in old age, hormones may aid treatment, particularly for stress incontinence.
Should the conservative measures prove unsuccessful, especially in the case of stress and combined incontinence, doctors will usually opt for an appropriate form of surgical treatment.